What is the Core Belief of Islam?

The core belief of Islam is encapsulated in the concept of Tawheed, which is the belief in the absolute oneness and unity of Allah (God).

Tawheed is the foundation of Islamic faith and encompasses several essential aspects:

  1. Monotheism: Islam emphasises the belief in the oneness of Allah. Muslims firmly believe that there is only one God, and He has no partners, associates, or equals. This monotheistic belief is the central tenet of Islam.
  2. Worship of Allah Alone: Muslims are obligated to worship and submit to Allah alone. They believe that all acts of worship, such as prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage, should be directed solely to Allah without associating any partners or intermediaries with Him.
  3. Divine Attributes: Islam recognises and affirms the unique attributes and characteristics of Allah. Muslims believe that Allah is all-knowing (Alim), all-powerful (Qadir), all-merciful (Rahim), all-wise (Hakim), and possesses numerous other perfect attributes. These qualities highlight the greatness and perfection of Allah.
  4. Revelation and Prophethood: Muslims believe that Allah has communicated His guidance to humanity through prophets and messengers. The final and most comprehensive revelation is believed to be the Quran, which Muslims consider to be the word of Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
  5. Accountability and Judgment: Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment, where every individual will be held accountable for their beliefs and actions. They believe in the existence of Paradise (Jannah) and Hellfire (Jahannam), and that Allah will reward the righteous and punish the evildoers.

The core belief of Islam is centered on the recognition and worship of the one true God, Allah, and adhering to His guidance as revealed in the Quran and through the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. It is through this belief in Tawheed that Muslims seek to fulfil their purpose in life, attain spiritual fulfilment, and strive for righteousness and moral excellence.


The Intersection of Submission to Allah and Responsibility towards Humankind

Islam, a religion embraced by over a billion people around the world, stands on a foundational principle that interweaves divine submission and compassionate responsibility. At its core, Islam embodies the belief that the vertical axis of submission to Allah and the horizontal axis of responsibility towards humankind are inseparable, guiding Muslims on a path of spiritual devotion and active engagement with society.

Submission to Allah – The Y-Axis: The y-axis of Islam represents the profound concept of submission to Allah, the One God. Muslims believe that by surrendering their will to the Divine, they attain a sense of peace, purpose, and guidance. Submission entails acknowledging Allah’s absolute sovereignty, recognizing His wisdom, and adhering to the teachings and commandments revealed through the Quran and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Through prayers, fasting, acts of charity, and pilgrimage, Muslims strive to align their lives vertically with the divine will, seeking spiritual enlightenment and a deep connection with their Creator.

Responsibility towards Humankind – The X-Axis: While submission to Allah is of utmost importance, Islam emphasizes the horizontal axis of responsibility towards humankind. Muslims believe that true faith is expressed through sincere actions that benefit society and promote justice, compassion, and equality. Islam calls upon its followers to actively engage with fellow human beings, irrespective of their backgrounds, to foster harmonious coexistence and mutual respect.

Islamic teachings inspire Muslims to demonstrate kindness, generosity, and empathy towards others. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) exemplified these qualities, treating all individuals with respect, regardless of their social status or beliefs. Muslims are encouraged to uphold social justice, alleviate poverty, care for the vulnerable, and promote peace and harmony in their communities. The concept of “Ummah,” the global Muslim community, highlights the interconnectedness of humanity and reinforces the responsibility Muslims have towards one another, as well as towards society at large.

The Intersection: The beauty of Islam lies in the intersection of these axes – the harmonious balance between vertical devotion and horizontal engagement. Muslims recognize that true spirituality cannot exist in isolation from the world; rather, it manifests through practical acts of compassion and service. By aligning their submission to Allah with their responsibility towards humankind, Muslims strive to create a just and equitable society where love, mercy, and righteousness prevail.

This intersection calls Muslims to be advocates for justice, promoters of peace, and contributors to the welfare of humanity. It encourages them to actively engage in charitable endeavors, pursue knowledge, promote education, protect the environment, and contribute to the betterment of society in all spheres of life.

Islam, as a holistic way of life, recognises the interconnectedness of submission to Allah and responsibility towards humankind. The vertical axis of devotion and the horizontal axis of engagement form the foundation upon which Muslims navigate their spiritual journey while embracing their role as responsible global citizens. By submitting to the Divine and fulfilling their responsibilities towards others, Muslims seek to embody the principles of compassion, justice, and mercy, ultimately striving to create a world characterised by peace, harmony, and the flourishing of all humanity.

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